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Rajasthan is one of the 26 states of the republic of India, is situated in the north western part of India. It covers 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 square miles) is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. Rajasthan lies between latitudes 23 degree 3'and 30 degree 12', north and longitudes 69 degree 30' and 78 degree 17', east. The southern part of Rajasthan is about 225 km from the Gulf of Kutch and about 400 km from the Arabian Sea. Rajasthan is bounded by Pakistan in the west and north-west; by the State of Punjab in the north; by Haryana in the north-east; by Uttar Pradesh in the east, by Madhya Pradesh in the south-east and Gujarat in the south-west.
It is the land of Great Indian Thar Desert (Dharti Dhora ri) 58%, surrounded by beautiful Aravalli hills Range, a land of Forts, and a land of ancient civilization in the banks of Sarsawti river. It is one of the most beautiful states of India which attracts very large number of domestic and foreign tourists in India
History of Rajasthan has a rich and colorful history making it one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Rajasthan was once a part of the world's first and oldest Indus Valley Civilization. Rajasthan was earlier called Rajputana (state of Rajputs) after the ruling class of Rajputs. It has a glorious history like Bappa Rawal, Gora - Badal, Samrat Prithvi Raj Chauhan, Maha Rana Pratap Singh, Veer Durga Dass Rathore, Amar Singh Rathore, Rani Padmini, Rao Shekhaji, MeeraBai, Panna Dhai and many more.
Arts and Crafts of Rajasthan
As far as the field of Arts and Crafts is concerned, .Rajasthan is among the richest states in the country. May be it was a result of the war-like lifestyle of the people of Rajasthan which sharpened the creative senses,artistic skills and inspired them to create the most opulent and richest of treasures. Stone, clay, leather, wood, ivory, lac, glass, brass, silver, gold and textiles were given the most brilliant forms. As, Jaipur meenakari is famed for its delicacy and its use of colours. Rajasthan is rich in jewellery, each area having its own unique style. Some of the traditional designs are rakhri, tirnaniyan, bala, bajuband, gajra, gokhru, jod, etc. The ivory bangles, Lac bangles, Sandalwood and Wood, Stone Statues on religious themes are carved all over Rajasthan and in several cities. Other crafts like blue pottery, hand block printing, tie and dye, terracotta sculptures, painting on camel hide, embroidery, cloth painting, carpets, durries, inlay work on brass and wood are to be found all over Rajasthan.